Zeus God Vaterkomplexe des Weltenzerstörers
Zeus ist eine fiktive Figur, ein Gott, der in amerikanischen Comics erscheint, die von Marvel Comics veröffentlicht werden. Zeus (altgriechisch Ζεύς, klassische Aussprache ungefähr „dze-u̯s“; neugriechisch Ζεύς bzw. Lotte Motz: The Sky God of the Indo-Europeans. Zeus war der Sohn des Titanen und Rhea und der jüngste von allen seinen Geschwistern. Es war Zeus. Zeus ist der Hauptschurke der God of War-Trilogie und taucht als Charakter auch kurz in dem Many translated example sentences containing "Zeus god" – German-English dictionary and search engine for German translations.
The battled raged for 10 years, but finally Zeus and his siblings won out. Zeus was the husband of Hera, but he had many affairs with other goddesses, mortal women, and female animals.
Zeus is father of gods and men. A sky god, he controls lightning, which he uses as a weapon, and thunder. He is king on Mount Olympus, the home of the Greek gods.
He is also credited as the father of Greek heroes and the ancestor of many other Greeks. Zeus mated with many mortals and goddesses but is married to his sister Hera Juno.
He is the brother of his wife Hera, his other sisters Demeter and Hestia, and his brothers Hades and Poseidon. The Roman name for Zeus is Jupiter and sometimes Jove.
Zeus is shown with a beard and long hair. He is often associated with an oak tree, and in illustrations he is always a stately figure in the prime of life, bearing a scepter or thunderbolt, and accompanied by an eagle.
His is also associated with a ram or a lion and wears an aegis a piece of armor or shield , and carries a cornucopia. The cornucopia or goat horn of plenty comes from the story of his Zeus' infancy when he was nursed by Amalthea.
Zeus is a sky god with control over weather, especially of rain and lightning. He is King of the gods and a god of oracles—especially in the sacred oak at Dodona.
In the story of the Trojan War , Zeus, as a judge, listens to the claims of other gods in support of their side. He then renders decisions on acceptable behavior.
He remains neutral most of the time, allowing his son Sarpedon to die and glorifying his favorite, Hector. There are many myths about Zeus. Some involve demanding acceptable conduct of others, whether human or divine.
Zeus was enraged with the behavior of Prometheus. The titan had tricked Zeus into taking the non-meat portion of the original sacrifice so that mankind could enjoy the food.
In response, the king of the gods deprived mankind of the use of fire so they wouldn't be able to enjoy the boon they'd been granted, but Prometheus found a way around this, and stole some of the gods' fire by hiding it in a stalk of fennel and then giving it to mankind.
For a time, a nymph named Echo had the job of distracting Hera from his affairs by talking incessantly, and when Hera discovered the deception, she cursed Echo to repeat the words of others.
Zeus played a dominant role, presiding over the Greek Olympian pantheon. He fathered many of the heroes and was featured in many of their local cults.
Though the Homeric "cloud collector" was the god of the sky and thunder like his Near-Eastern counterparts, he was also the supreme cultural artifact; in some senses, he was the embodiment of Greek religious beliefs and the archetypal Greek deity.
Aside from local epithets that simply designated the deity as doing something random at some particular place, the epithets or titles applied to Zeus emphasized different aspects of his wide-ranging authority:.
The major center where all Greeks converged to pay honor to their chief god was Olympia. Their quadrennial festival featured the famous Games.
There was also an altar to Zeus made not of stone, but of ash, from the accumulated remains of many centuries' worth of animals sacrificed there.
Outside of the major inter- polis sanctuaries, there were no modes of worshipping Zeus precisely shared across the Greek world. Most of the titles listed below, for instance, could be found at any number of Greek temples from Asia Minor to Sicily.
Certain modes of ritual were held in common as well: sacrificing a white animal over a raised altar, for instance.
With one exception, Greeks were unanimous in recognizing the birthplace of Zeus as Crete. Minoan culture contributed many essentials of ancient Greek religion: "by a hundred channels the old civilization emptied itself into the new", Will Durant observed,  and Cretan Zeus retained his youthful Minoan features.
The local child of the Great Mother, "a small and inferior deity who took the roles of son and consort",  whose Minoan name the Greeks Hellenized as Velchanos, was in time assumed as an epithet by Zeus, as transpired at many other sites, and he came to be venerated in Crete as Zeus Velchanos "boy-Zeus" , often simply the Kouros.
In the Hellenistic period a small sanctuary dedicated to Zeus Velchanos was founded at the Hagia Triada site of a long-ruined Minoan palace. Broadly contemporary coins from Phaistos show the form under which he was worshiped: a youth sits among the branches of a tree, with a cockerel on his knees.
The stories of Minos and Epimenides suggest that these caves were once used for incubatory divination by kings and priests.
The dramatic setting of Plato 's Laws is along the pilgrimage-route to one such site, emphasizing archaic Cretan knowledge. On Crete, Zeus was represented in art as a long-haired youth rather than a mature adult and hymned as ho megas kouros , "the great youth".
The myth of the death of Cretan Zeus, localised in numerous mountain sites though only mentioned in a comparatively late source, Callimachus ,  together with the assertion of Antoninus Liberalis that a fire shone forth annually from the birth-cave the infant shared with a mythic swarm of bees , suggests that Velchanos had been an annual vegetative spirit.
The works of Euhemerus himself have not survived, but Christian patristic writers took up the suggestion. The epithet Zeus Lykaios "wolf-Zeus" is assumed by Zeus only in connection with the archaic festival of the Lykaia on the slopes of Mount Lykaion "Wolf Mountain" , the tallest peak in rustic Arcadia ; Zeus had only a formal connection  with the rituals and myths of this primitive rite of passage with an ancient threat of cannibalism and the possibility of a werewolf transformation for the ephebes who were the participants.
According to Plato ,  a particular clan would gather on the mountain to make a sacrifice every nine years to Zeus Lykaios, and a single morsel of human entrails would be intermingled with the animal's.
Whoever ate the human flesh was said to turn into a wolf, and could only regain human form if he did not eat again of human flesh until the next nine-year cycle had ended.
There were games associated with the Lykaia, removed in the fourth century to the first urbanization of Arcadia, Megalopolis ; there the major temple was dedicated to Zeus Lykaios.
This, Cook argues, brings indeed much new 'light' to the matter as Achaeus , the contemporary tragedian of Sophocles , spoke of Zeus Lykaios as "starry-eyed", and this Zeus Lykaios may just be the Arcadian Zeus, son of Aether, described by Cicero.
Again under this new signification may be seen Pausanias ' descriptions of Lykosoura being 'the first city that ever the sun beheld', and of the altar of Zeus, at the summit of Mount Lykaion, before which stood two columns bearing gilded eagles and 'facing the sun-rise'.
Further Cook sees only the tale of Zeus' sacred precinct at Mount Lykaion allowing no shadows referring to Zeus as 'god of light' Lykaios.
Although etymology indicates that Zeus was originally a sky god, many Greek cities honored a local Zeus who lived underground. Athenians and Sicilians honored Zeus Meilichios "kindly" or "honeyed" while other cities had Zeus Chthonios "earthy" , Zeus Katachthonios "under-the-earth" and Zeus Plousios "wealth-bringing".
These deities might be represented as snakes or in human form in visual art, or, for emphasis as both together in one image. They also received offerings of black animal victims sacrificed into sunken pits, as did chthonic deities like Persephone and Demeter , and also the heroes at their tombs.
Olympian gods, by contrast, usually received white victims sacrificed upon raised altars. In some cases, cities were not entirely sure whether the daimon to whom they sacrificed was a hero or an underground Zeus.
Thus the shrine at Lebadaea in Boeotia might belong to the hero Trophonius or to Zeus Trephonius "the nurturing" , depending on whether you believe Pausanias , or Strabo.
Ancient Molossian kings sacrificed to Zeus Areius. Strabo mention that at Tralles there was the Zeus Larisaeus.
In addition to the Panhellenic titles and conceptions listed above, local cults maintained their own idiosyncratic ideas about the king of gods and men.
With the epithet Zeus Aetnaeus he was worshiped on Mount Aetna , where there was a statue of him, and a local festival called the Aetnaea in his honor.
Although most oracle sites were usually dedicated to Apollo , the heroes, or various goddesses like Themis , a few oracular sites were dedicated to Zeus.
The cult of Zeus at Dodona in Epirus , where there is evidence of religious activity from the second millennium BC onward, centered on a sacred oak.
When the Odyssey was composed circa BC , divination was done there by barefoot priests called Selloi , who lay on the ground and observed the rustling of the leaves and branches.
Zeus' consort at Dodona was not Hera , but the goddess Dione — whose name is a feminine form of "Zeus". Her status as a titaness suggests to some that she may have been a more powerful pre-Hellenic deity, and perhaps the original occupant of the oracle.
The oracle of Ammon at the Siwa Oasis in the Western Desert of Egypt did not lie within the bounds of the Greek world before Alexander 's day, but it already loomed large in the Greek mind during the archaic era: Herodotus mentions consultations with Zeus Ammon in his account of the Persian War.
Zeus Ammon was especially favored at Sparta , where a temple to him existed by the time of the Peloponnesian War. After Alexander made a trek into the desert to consult the oracle at Siwa, the figure arose in the Hellenistic imagination of a Libyan Sibyl.
Zeus was identified with the Roman god Jupiter and associated in the syncretic classical imagination see interpretatio graeca with various other deities, such as the Egyptian Ammon and the Etruscan Tinia.
He, along with Dionysus , absorbed the role of the chief Phrygian god Sabazios in the syncretic deity known in Rome as Sabazius.
Zeus is occasionally conflated with the Hellenic sun god , Helios , who is sometimes either directly referred to as Zeus' eye,  or clearly implied as such.
Hesiod , for instance, describes Zeus' eye as effectively the sun. The Cretan Zeus Tallaios had solar elements to his cult.
In Neoplatonism , Zeus' relation to the gods familiar from mythology is taught as the Demiurge or Divine Mind. Zeus is mentioned in the New Testament twice, first in Acts — When the people living in Lystra saw the Apostle Paul heal a lame man, they considered Paul and his partner Barnabas to be gods, identifying Paul with Hermes and Barnabas with Zeus, even trying to offer them sacrifices with the crowd.
Two ancient inscriptions discovered in near Lystra testify to the worship of these two gods in that city.
The second occurrence is in Acts the name of the ship in which the prisoner Paul set sail from the island of Malta bore the figurehead "Sons of Zeus" aka Castor and Pollux.
The deuterocanonical book of 2 Maccabees , 2 talks of King Antiochus IV Epiphanes , who in his attempt to stamp out the Jewish religion, directed that the temple at Jerusalem be profaned and rededicated to Zeus Jupiter Olympius.
Pistis Sophia , a Gnostic text discovered in and possibly written between the 3rd and 4th centuries AD alludes to Zeus. He appears there as one of five grand rulers gathered together by a divine figure named Yew, as the manuscript states.
Depictions of Zeus as a bull, the form he took when abducting Europa , are found on the Greek 2- euro coin and on the United Kingdom identity card for visa holders.
Mary Beard , professor of Classics at Cambridge University , has criticised this for its apparent celebration of rape.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Zeus disambiguation. Greek god of the sky and king of the gods.
King of the Gods God of the sky, lightning, thunder, law, order, justice. Zeus de Smyrne, discovered in Smyrna in . Sacred Places. Sacred Islands.
Sacred Mountains. Rites of passage. Hellenistic philosophy. Other Topics. This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources.
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. April Learn how and when to remove this template message. Main article: Hera. See also: Category:Epithets of Zeus.
Further information: Lykaia. August Learn how and when to remove this template message. Enthroned Zeus Greek, c. Ancient Greece portal Myths portal Religion portal.
Marble, middle 2nd century CE. Religions of India: Hinduism, Yoga, Buddhism. Columbia University Press. Madan The Hinduism Omnibus. Oxford University Press.
The Indian Theogony. Cambridge University Press. Hinduism: An Alphabetical Guide. Penguin Books. Mythology ed. New York: Back Bay Books.
In Hicks, R. Lives of Eminent Philosophers. American Heritage Dictionary. Retrieved Beekes , Etymological Dictionary of Greek , Brill, , p.
Online Etymology Dictionary. Greek Religion. Word study tool of Ancient languages. The Makers of Hellas. Griffin, Limited. Limiting the Arbitrary.
Sweet Water Press. Retrieved 14 February The Iliad. South Africa: Penguin Classics. De Natura Deorum , 3. Deipnosophists , 9.
Albemarle Street, London. In Bekker, August Immanuel ed. Myriobiblon in Greek. Tomus alter. Berlin: Ge. At the Internet Archive. At khazarzar.
The head, which is roughly worked at back and must have occupied a niche , was found at Hadrian's Villa , Tivoli and donated to the British Museum by John Thomas Barber Beaumont in BM In Smith, William ed.
Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology. Translated with an introduction by A. Liverpool: Liverpool University Press.
Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. Zeus overturned the table and struck the house of Lyceus with a thunderbolt; his patronage at the Lykaia can have been little more than a formula.Natascha Kreutz Despite his leading role amongst the Olympian gods, Zeus only rarely possessed a prominent position in the Mtt Anbieterliste pantheon of Greek poleis. Was gegen diese These spricht: Im Gegensatz zu den griechischen Göttern Merkur Spielothek Kostenlos Spielen die Nord-Götter deutlich seltener mit den Sterblichen. God of War 4 - Screenshots ansehen. Sie bietet ihm ihre Hilfe an, um sich am Olymp zu rächen. Als Herrscher der Götterversammlung wird Zeus bereits bei Homer dargestellt, jedoch ohne einen erläuternden Mythos. Geläufiger ist jedoch die Version des Hesiod Г¶ffnungszeiten Heiligabend Bayern, nach der sie aus dem Schaum daher ihr Name, von griech.
What happened to him afterwards is unclear though. There are various myths that tell how Zeus grew up without his father ever knowing.
Some say he was raised by a goat named Amalthea with help from soldiers who would dance and clash their spears and shields whenever Zeus cried.
Other myths say he was raised by Melissa. She nursed him with honey and goat milk. Another common myth says that Adamantha the nymph hid him by putting Zeus on a rope and hanging him from a tree so that he was between the sea, earth and sky.
There are even more suggestions, including that the nymph Cynosura raised him and when he was grown, Zeus thanked her by placing her among the stars in the sky.
There is also the myth that says Zeus was raised by a shepherd family, as long as the god kept their sheep save from wolves. Once Zeus was grown, he decided it was time to take over the throne.
The battle was called the Titanmonarchy. Zeus went and saw Cronus and made him vomit the stone Omphalos. The stone was placed under the glens of Parnassus at Pytho.
He was then forced to vomit the children he had swallowed. After he rescued his brothers and sisters, Zeus went to Tartarus.
Once he arrived, he killed Campe and freed the Cyclops , the Hecatonchires and the Giants. The Cyclops wished to show his gratitude and gave him thunder and his thunderbolt.
Zeus won the Titanmonarchy and sent the Titans to live in Tartarus forever. He spared Atlas but forced him to hold up the sky for all eternity.
Zeus divided the power between him and two of his brothers. Zeus ruled the sky and air while Poseidon ruled the sea and earth. Hades ruled the underworld.
Zeus was married to Hera and depending on the source, they had either one or three children. However, Zeus often strayed and had many affairs, leaving Hera feeling hurt and jealous.
Some accounts say that Zeus had as many as 92 children from dozens of lovers. Here are a few of his most famous children. Ares was the god of war and the child of Zeus and Hera.
He might have had two siblings. There are even myths that say Hephaestus , the blacksmith of the gods, was also a sibling of Ares.
Athena has a unique birth story. She was the daughter of Zeus and an Oceanid, Metis. Zeus was worried that one of his children, a son, would eventually attempt to overtake the throne.
To prevent this from ever happening, Zeus swallowed Metis once she told him she was pregnant. Several months later, Zeus developed a strong and painful headache.
Athena sprung from the area, completely grown and dressed for battle. Heracles was the son of Zeus and Alcmene, a mortal.
Heracles possessed superhuman strength and became known for his bravery and courage. She drove him to madness and even killed his children.
Zeus had an affair with Leto, a Titan goddess, and she became pregnant with twins. Hera was so upset that she made it impossible for Leto to find a safe place to give birth.
Zeus turned Leto into a bird so she could find a safe haven, which she did on the island of Delos. Further down, the poet even claims that Zeus owns two urns filled with ills and blessings — the gifts which he gives to every mortal in the amount he decides.
In relation to the many other roles Zeus had, he acquired many different epithets. Paradoxically, Zeus is both the youngest and the oldest son of Cronus and Rhea.
There, Zeus was raised by nymphs and met his first wife, Metis — or Wisdom. On her advice, he masked himself as an Olympian cupbearer and tricked his father into drinking poisoned wine.
This, their second birth, made the youngest among them — Zeus — actually their oldest brother. Thus, they had no problem in acknowledging his authority.
Zeus and his brothers drew lots to share the world between them. Poseidon got the sea, Hades the underworld , and Zeus the sky. His grandmother Gaia was angry at him for imprisoning the Titans , so she summoned her children, the Gigantes , to avenge her.
Another war followed — the Gigantomachy — but the Olympians prevailed once again. This enraged Gaia even more, so she gave birth to Typhoeus , a giant fire-blowing serpentine monster, so mighty that even Zeus needed some help from Hermes and Pan to defeat him after a cataclysmic battle.
As a young ruler, Zeus was apparently too prideful and petulant. So, Hera , Poseidon and Apollo — and, maybe, everyone else but Hestia — decided to teach him a lesson.
While he was sleeping, they stole his thunderbolt and bound him with hundred-knotted cords. Zeus was powerless, but the Nereid Thetis acted quickly and called Briareus, the Hecatoncheir, who used his hundred arms to untie him in a second.
Zeus brutally punished the three leaders of the rebellion especially Hera , and they swore to never challenge him again.
Prometheus , however, did — first by stealing the divine fire and giving it to the mortals , and then by keeping away from Zeus the identity of a mortal woman whose future son was prophesized to become greater than his father.
Zeus chained Prometheus to a rock and tormented him for ages, but Prometheus stubbornly refused to reveal to him the secret. The son born out of this marriage became a celebrated Greek hero - in fact, possibly the greatest among them all: Achilles.
According to Hesiod, Zeus had the very same problem with his first wife, Metis. Warned that their child may be a threat to him, Zeus decided to swallow his pregnant wife.
Nevertheless, the child, fully grown and armored, was eventually born — but from the forehead of Zeus. It was none other than Athena , the goddess of wisdom herself.
Afterward, Zeus married Themis , who bore him the Horae and the Fates.When he impregnated Leda, he appeared as a swan; When he abducted Ganymede, he appeared as an eagle in order to take Ganymede to the home of the gods where he would replace Hebe as Spiele Fortuna DГјГџeldorf and when Gta Ab 6 carried off Europa, he appeared as a tempting white bull—although why the Mediterranean women were so enamored of bulls is beyond the imaginative capacities of this urban-dweller—setting in motion Insgesamt Englisch quest of Cadmus and the settling of Thebes. He is often described as a strong, imposing man with a regal body and long, often curly, hair. The defeated Titans were then Loki Pc into a shadowy underworld Zeus God known as Tartarus. Geller - May 23, 0. Murray, Ph. History at your fingertips. The Iliad.